SETUP A RASPBERRY PI 3 WITHOUT A MONITOR OR KEYBOARD

Raspberry PI 3 initial setup  without monitor  keyboard

 

Hi Guys, today i am going to write about raspberry pi 3 configuration  without monitor and keyboard. Before that we will discuss something about raspberry pi.

Raspberry pi  is a single-board computers developed in united kingdom.  The original model became far more popular than anticipated, selling outside of its target market for uses such as robotics. Single-board computers means computer which build in a circuit board. this powerful mini system can use as webserver, application server, samba file server, nas storage interface many other purposes as it having GPIO pins so we can program it accordingly. In many robotics and some mini electronics projects we using raspberry pi system.

configuration

Congrats if you unpacked first raspberry pi 3 model B, you can start your small mini lab in your home, start research .

Note:- they changed some security in raspberry pi model B+ we can do ssh to ip which we configuring by giving entry in cmdline. Now direct ssh is not possible by this entry because hackers misusing the same because this mini hero is replacing big server even though its acting as super computer in some labs.

Raspberry pi  drone.

Now we are jumping into our topic . How to setup a  raspberry pi 3 model  B without any keyboard and screen you can see lot of videos in youtube it want work as expected.

Requirements

  • SDformatter :- Link https://www.sdcard.org/downloads/formatter_4/
  • Win32diskimager :- link https://sourceforge.net/projects/win32diskimager/
  • PUTTY :- link http://www.putty.org/
  • respbian Operating system :- https://www.raspberrypi.org/downloads/

                (Noobs i will not  recommend without monitor and keyboard)

  • Cardreader
  • Network patch cable to connect to your wifi router or laptop
  • Microsdcard(8GB or 16GB)
  • Notepad ++

Procedure

Step1

We will connect the mocrosd card to laptop by card reader, then with SDformatter we will format the microsdcard .

Step2

Download respbian(4.07GB) Operating system from “www.raspberrypi.org/downloads”

Step3

Write image with win32Diskimager

Step4

open the microsdcard  once writing completed and edit cmdline  file in sdcard, open with notepadd++ then give the below entry with a ip which is suitable for your environment (eg 192.168.0.103)

ip=<client-ip>:<server-ip>:<gw-ip>:<netmask>:<hostname>:<device>:<autoconf>

this is the format

In previous version of rasbian OS above entry is enough for the configuration, but for  latest  RASBIAN Operating system this is not enough . We need one more step before we start our beautiful device.

Take command prompt and follow the steps.

c:\> echo >> ssh

copy this ssh  file to sd card(its just a empty file)

Eject the sd card reader and insert to raspberry pi and start the machine. Ping the machine with ip which you assigned in cmdline . Once its started pining take putty software in windows  and do ssh with the ip.

There is default username and password for rasbian OS

Username:- Pi

Password:- raspberry

then

sudo su –   for root access if need change the password of pi by

passwd pi ->command from root  (it will ask for new password and confirmation password)

FOR Graphical user interface

First check whether internet is working by pinging google.com.

root@raspberrypi:~# ping google.com

PING google.com (172.217.26.174) 56(84) bytes of data.

64 bytes from maa03s22-in-f174.1e100.net (172.217.26.174): icmp_seq=1 ttl=57 time=11.8 ms

64 bytes from maa03s22-in-f174.1e100.net (172.217.26.174): icmp_seq=2 ttl=57 time=9.60 ms

then do below.

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install realvnc-vnc-server realvnc-vnc-viewer

to start vnc

just type

root@raspberrypi:~# vncserver

New ‘X’ desktop is raspberrypi:1

Starting applications specified in /root/.vnc/xstartup

Log file is /root/.vnc/raspberrypi:1.log

set password for vnc user session.

root@raspberrypi:~# vncpasswd root

Password:

Verify:

then download tightvncviewer  in windows.

connect and enter the password while asking for  the same.

“UTPARASOLUTIONS team’s best wishes for your  research and development.”